What is usort() function in php & how to use it ?

Usort() function
Example of usort() function

The usort() function sort an array by values using a user-defined comparison function. It accepts two parameters, the first parameter must be an array to sort and the second parameter must be a string that defines a function. The function must return an integer less than, equal to, or greater than zero if the first argument is considered to be respectively less than, equal to, or greater than the second. Note that before PHP 7.0.0 this integer had to be in the range from -2147483648 to 2147483647.

Points to be Noted :
-> If two values compare as equal, their relative order in the sorted array is undefined.
-> This function assigns new keys to the elements in an array. It will remove any existing keys that may have been assigned, rather than just reordering the keys.

Example : 

function func_cmp($a, $b)
if ($a == $b) {
return 0;
return ($a < $b) ? -1 : 1;

$a = array(3, 2, 5, 6, 1);

usort($a, "func_cmp");

foreach ($a as $key => $value) {
echo "$key: $value\n";

Output : 

Output usort() function
Output of usort() function example

About the author

Dinesh Sharma

I have worked on many CMS & Frameworks of PHP & I love to share my knowledge of what I am learning every day.

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